Team [Chu Lab]
Prof. Chengcai Chu
Dr. Yiqin Wang, associate Prof.
Dr. Jun Fang, associate Prof.
Dr. Hongnin Tong, associate Prof.
Dr. Jiuyou Tang, associate Prof.
Dr. Bin Hu, assistant Prof.

Shouyun Cao, senior Engineer

Gupo Li

Xianfeng Zhao, senior Engineer

Sai  Kang

Dr. Shaopei Gao
Dr. Chi Xu
Dr. Ronghui Che
Dr. Chengzhen Liang
   Graduate Students

Wei Wang

Lin Du

Hongru Wang

Wenchao Yin

Hua Li

Yunhua Xiao

Zhihua Zhang

Dapu Liu

Wenzhen Li

Yan Liang

   Visting Scholars
Kun Deng

Dr. Lizhen Si

Dr. Shuai Chen

Dr. Anding Luo
Dr. Xuanquan Bai

Dr. Qiuyun Wang

Dr. Xiaoqiang Liu
Dr. Chenglin Chai
Dr. Luo Li
Dr. Li Li
Dr. Yimian Ma
Dr. Reza Sheilf
Dr. Xiaoli Guo
Dr. Feng Li
Dr. Zhao Yang
Dr. Wenbo Liu
Dr. Chunlai Li
Dr. Changhui Sun
Dr. Fantao Zhang
Dr. Aihong Lin

Chenguang Zhu

Dr. Piwei Wei

Dr. Hongkai Wu

Dr. Changhui Sun

Dr. Bo Xu

Dr. Linchuan Liu

Dr. Xiaomei Hou

Fengze Liu

Prof. Chengcai Chu

Head of Laboratory

1997-1998  Postdoctoral Fellow in Prof. Dr. Uwe Sonnewald’s Lab of Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Germany;
1996  Ph.D, Martin-Luther University, Halle (Saale), Germany;
1993-1996  Ph.D student in Dr. Hermann Bauwe’s Lab, IPK, Germany;
1989  MS, Institute of Botany, CAS;
1986  BS, Anhui Normal University.

1999  Hong Kong Kwang Chung Wang Scholarship;
1999  Young Talented Scientist Award, CAS;
2004  Young Talented Career Award, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of China;
2008  National Outstanding Young Scientist of NSFC.

1989-1993  Lecturer in Henan Normal University;
1999-2000  Worked in Rice Transformation Group, Institute of Genetics, CAS;
2000-  Group leader, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, CAS.


Hu B^*, Jiang Z^, Wang W^, Qiu Y^, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Gao X, Liu L, Qian Y, Huang X, Yu F, Li A, Kang S, Wang Y, Xie J, Cao S, Zhang L, Wang Y, Xie Q, Kopriva S, and Chu C* (2019) Nitrate-NRT1.1B-SPX4 cascade integrates nitrogen and phosphorus signaling networks in plants. Nature Plants doi: 10.1038/s41477-019-0384-1.
Featured in Nature Plants by Scheller HV (2019) When nitrate and phosphate sensors meet. doi: 10.1038/s41477-019-0403-2
Zhang L^*, Hu B^, Deng K, Gao X, Sun G, Zhang Z, Li P, Wang W, Li H, Li L, Yu F, Li Y, Chu C* (2018) NRT1.1B improves selenium concentrations in rice grains by facilitating selenomethinone translocation. Plant Biotechnol. J. (accepted).
Xiao Y, Liu D, Zhang G, Gao S, Liu L, Xu F, Che R, Tong H*, Chu C* (2018) Big Grain3, encoding a purine permease, regulates grain size via modulating cytokinin transport in rice. J. Integr Plant Biol. Doi: 10.1111/jipb.12727.
Zhang LM, Leng CY, Luo H, Wu XY, Liu ZQ, Zhang YM, Zhang H, Xia Y, Shang L, Liu CM, Hao D, Zhou Y, Chu C, Cai HW, Jing HC (2018) Sweet sorghum originated through selection of Dry, a plant specific NAC transcription factor gene. Plant Cell Doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00313.
Featured by Emily Breeze (2018) Sweet and Juicy: Identification and Origins of the Dry Alleles in Sorghum. Plant Cell. Doi: 10.1105/tpc.00748.2018.
Tong H and Chu C (2018) Functional specificities of brassinosteroid and potential utilization for crop improvement. Trends Plant Sci. Doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2018.08.007. (Invited Review)
Wang M^, Li W^, Fang C^, Xu F^, Liu Y^, Wang Z, Yang R, Zhang M, Liu S, Lu S, Lin T, Tang J, Wang Y, Wang H, Lin H, Zhu B, Chen M, Kong F, Liu B, Zeng D, Jackson SC*, Chu C* & Tian Z* (2018) Parallel selection on a dormancy gene during domestication of crops from multiple families. Nature Genet. Doi:  10.1038/s41588-018-0229-2.
Kopriva S and Chu C (2018) Are we ready to improve phosphorus homeostasis in rice? J. Exp. Bot. (Accepted. Invited review)
Gao S and Chu C (2018) Fine-tuning of Eui1: Breaking the bottleneck in hybrid rice seed production. Mol. Plant  Doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2018.04.001. (Invited commentary)
Zhang J, Zhang N, Liu YX, Zhang X, Hu B, Qin Y, Xu H, Wang H, Guo X, Zhang P, Jin T*, Chu C*, Bai Y* (2018) Root microbiota shift in rice correlates with resident time in the field and developmental stage. Sci. China Life Sci. Doi: 10.1007/s11427-018-9284-4.
Lu SJ, He H, Sun L, Wang H, Liu XH, Jiang L, Sun JL, Xin X, Kong W, Chu C, Xue HW, Yang JS, Luo X, Liu JX (2017) A novel QTL qTGW3 encodes the GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase OsGSK5/OsSK41 that interacts with OsARF4 to negatively regulate grain size and weight in rice. Mol. Plant Doi: 10.1016/j.molp.2018.03.005.
Liu C, Wang W, Mao B, Chu C (2018) Cold stress tolerance in rice: physiological changes, molecular mechanisms, and future prospects. Hereditas (Beijing) 40(3): 171-185.
Wang W^, Hu B^, Yuan D, Liu Y, Che R, Hu Y, Ou S, Zhang Z, Wang H, Li H, Jiang Z, Zhang Z, Gao X, Qiu Y, Meng X, Liu Y, Bai Y, Liang Y, Wang Y, Zhang L, Li L, Mergen S, Jing H, Li J, and Chu C (2018) Expression of the nitrate transporter OsNRT1.1A/OsNPF6.3 confers high yield and early maturation in rice. Plant Cell  doi: 10.1105/tpc.17.00809.
Featured in Plant Cell by Jennifer Mach (2018) The Real Yield Deal? Nitrate Transporter Expression Boosts Yield and Accelerates Maturation. Doi: 10.1105/tpc.18.00195.
Highlighted in ScienceDaily on February 23, 2018 by Jennifer Mach: New approach to improve nitrogen use, enhance yield, and promote flowering in rice.
Recommended by F1000Prime Doi: 10.3410/f.732773314.793543251.
Pan J, Huang D, Guo Z, Kuang Z, Zhang H, Xie X, Ma Z, Gao S, Lerdau MT, Chu C, Li L (2018) Overexpression of microRNA408 enhances photosynthesis, growth, and seed yield in diverse plants. J. Integr. Plant Biol. doi: 10.1111/jipb.12634.
Xiao Y^, Liu D^, Zhang G, Tong H*, Chu C* (2017) Brassinosteroids regulate OFP1, a DLT interacting protein, to modulate plant architecture and grain morphology in rice. Front. Plant Sci. 8: 1698.
Qu M, Zheng G, Hamdani S, Essmine J, Song Q, Wang H, Chu C, Sirault X, Zhu XG (2017)  Leaf photosynthetic parameters related to biomass accumulation in a global rice diversity panel. Plant Physiol. DOI: 10.1104/pp.17.00332.
Tang J and Chu C (2017) microRNAs in crop improvement: fine-tuners for complex traits. Nature Plants. 3: 17077.
Chen J, Nolan T, Ye H, Zhang M, Tong H, Xin P, Chu J, Chu C, Li Z, Yin Y (2017) Arabidopsis WRKY46, WRKY54 and WRKY70 transcription factors are involved in brassinosteroid-regulated plant growth and drought response. Plant Cell. 29(6): 1425-1439.
Schläppi M, Jackson A, Wang A, Chu C, Eizenga G, Shi Y, Shimoyama N, Boykin DL (2017) Assessment of five cold tolerance traits and GWAS mapping in rice using the USDA mini-core collection. Front. Plant Sci. 8: 957.
Wang H, Vieira FG, Crawford JE, Chu C*, and Nielsen R* (2017) Asian wild rice is a hybrid swarm with extensive gene flow and feralization from domesticated rice. Genome Res. 27: 1029-1038.
Cover Story. Highlighted in Asian Scientist Magazine on May 2, 2017: Apparently, Asian Wild Rice Isn’t So Wild Anymore.
Li H, Hu B and Chu C (2017) Nitrogen use efficiency in crops: lessons from Arabidopsis and rice. J. Exp. Bot. 68(10): 2477-2488.
Wang M, Wu HJ, Fang J, Chu C, Wang XJ (2017) A long noncoding RNA involved in rice reproductive development by negatively regulating osa-miR160. Sci. Bull. 62: 470-475.
Tang J and Chu C (2017) microRNAs in crop improvement: fine-tuners for complex traits. Nature Plants. 3: 17077.(in print)
Zhang B, Zhang L, Li F, Zhang D, Liu X, Wang H, Xu Z, Chu C*, Zhou Y* (2017) Control of secondary cell wall patterning involves xylan deacetylation by a GDSL esterase. Nature Plants. 3: 17017.
Featured in Nature Plants with News & Views by Scheller HV (2017) Plant cell wall: Never too much acetate. Nature Plants. 3: 17024.
Ye H, Liu S, Tang B, Chen J, Xie Z, Nolan T, Jiang H, Guo H, Lin HY, Li L, Wang Y, Tong H, Zhang M, Chu C, Li Z, Aluru M, Aluru S, Schnable P and Yin Y (2017) RD26 mediates crosstalk between drought and brassinosteriod signalling pathways. Nature Communications 8: 14573.
Liang C, Li A, Yu H, Li W, Liang C, Guo S, Zhang R, Chu C (2017) Melatonin regulates root architecture by modulating auxin response in rice. Front. Plant Sci. 8: 134.
Tong H and Chu C (2017) Physiological analysis of brassinosteroid responses and sensitivity in rice. Methods Mol. Biol. 1564: 23-29.
Wang H and Chu C (2017) Underlying mechanism for heterosis unveiled by –Omics. Chin. Bull. Bot. 52(1): 4-9.
Hu B and Chu C (2017) Node-based transporter: Switching phosphorus distribution. Nature Plants. 3: 17002.
Wu J, Yang R, Yang Z, Zhao S, Yao S, Wang Y, Li P, Song X, Jin L, Zhou T, Xie L, Zhou X, Chu C, Qi Y, Cao X, and Li Y (2017) ROS accumulation and antiviral defence control by microRNA528 in rice. Nature Plants. 3: 16203.
Liu Y, Mao C, Chu C (2016) Research progress on functional genomics of rice nutrient utilization. Chin. Bull. Life Sci. 28(10): 1230-1242
Guo Q, Wu F, Pang S, Zhao X, Chen L, Liu J, Xue B, Xu G, Li L, Jing H, and Chu C (2016) Crop 3D: a platform based on LiDAR for 3D high-throughput crop phenotyping. Sci. Sin. Vitae 46(10): 1210-1221.
Liu Y, Hu B, and Chu C (2016) 15N-nitrate uptake activity and root-to-shoot transport assay. Bio-protocol. 6(16): e1897.
Wang Y, Liang C, Wu S, Zhang X, Tang J, Jian G, Jiao G, Li F, and Chu C (2016) Significant Improvement of Cotton Verticillium Wilt Resistance by Manipulating the Expression of Gastrodia Antifungal Proteins. Mol. Plant   9(10): 1436-1439.
Qu M, Hamdani S, Li W, Wang S, Tang J, Chen Z, Song Q, Li M, Zhao H, Chang T, Chu C, and Zhu X (2016) Rapid stomatal response to fluctuating light: an under-explored mechanism to improve drought tolerance in rice. Funct. Plant Biol. Doi: 10.1071/FP15348.
Li H, Hu B, Wang W, Zhang Z, Liang Y, Gao X, Li P, Liu Y, Zhang L, and Chu C (2016) Identification of microRNAs in rice root in response to nitrate and ammonium. J. Genet. Genomics. 43: 651-661.
Wang H, Xu X, Vieira FG, Xiao Y, Li Z, Wang J, Nielsen R, and Chu C (2016) The power of inbreeding: NGS based GWAS of rice reveals convergent evolution during rice domestication. Mol. Plant 9(7):975-985
Cover Story. Featured in Molecular Plant by Xuehui Huang (2016) “From Genetic Mapping to Molecular Breeding: Genomics Have Paved the Highway”. 9(7):959-960.
Song Q, Chu C, Parry M, and Zhu XG (2016) Genetics-based dynamic systems model of canopy photosynthesis: The key to improve light and resource use efficiencies for crops. Food and Energy Security. 5(1): 18-25.
Tong H and Chu C (2016) Brassinosteroid regulates gibberellin synthesis to promote cell elongation in rice: Critical comments on Ross and Quittenden’s letter. Plant Cell 28(4): 833-835.
Gao S, Fang J, Xu F, Wang W, Chu C (2016) Rice HOX12 regulates panicle exsertion by directly modulating the expression of ELONGATED UPPERMOST INTERNODE1. Plant Cell 28(3): 680-695.
Highlighted in Science Daily on April 1, 2016 by Jennifer Lockhart: Feeding the world: Uncovering a key regulator of flower head development in rice.
Che R, Tong H, Shi B, Liu Y, Fang S, Liu D, Xiao Y, Hu B, Liu L, Wang H, Zhao M, Chu C (2015) Control of grain size and rice yield by GL2-mediated brassinosteroid responses. Nature Plants 2: 15195.
Featured with News and Views in Nature Plants by Hirokazu Tsukaya: Yield increase: GRFs provide the key. 2: 15210.
Liu L^, Tong H^, Xiao Y, Che R, Xu F, Hu B, Liang C, Chu J, Li J*,Chu C* (2015) Activation of Big Grain1 significantly improves grain size by regulating auxin transport in rice.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 112(35): 11102-11107 (*Corresponding authors).
Chu C (2015) A new era for crop improvement – From model-guided rationale design to practical engineering. Mol. Plant. 8(9): 1299-1301
Hu B, Wang W, Ou S, Tang J, Li H, Che R, Zhang Z, Chai X, Wang H, Wang Y, Liang C, Liu L, Piao Z, Deng Q, Deng K, Xu C, Liang Y, Zhang L, Li L, Chu C (2015) Variation in NRT1.1B contributes to nitrate-use divergence between rice subspecies. Nature Genet., 47(7): 834-838.
Featured with News and Views in Nature Plants by Chao DY & Lin HX (2015) Nitrogen-use efficiency: Transport solution in rice variations. 1: 15096.
Chen J, Liu X, Wang C, Yin SS, Li XL, Hu WJ, Simon M, Shen ZJ, Xiao Q, Chu CC, Peng XX, Zheng HL (2015) Nitric oxide ameliorates zinc oxide nanoparticles-induced phytotoxicity in rice seedlings. J. Hazard. Mater., 297: 173-182.
Xue Y, Chong K, Han B, Gui J, Wang T, Fu X, He Z, Chu C, Tian Z, Cheng Z, Lin S (2015) A new chapter of designer breeding in China: An update on the strategic program of molecular module-based designer breeding systems. Bull. Chin. Acad. Sci. 30(3): 262-271.
Liang C, Zheng G, Li W, Wang Y, Hu B, Wang H, Wu H, Qian Y, Zhu XG, Tan DX, Chen SY, Chu C (2015) Melatonin delays leaf senescence and enhances salt stress tolerance in rice. J Pineal Res. 59(1): 91-101..
Yin CC, Ma B, Collinge D, Pogson B, He SJ, Xiong Q, Duan KX, Chen H, Yang C, Lu X, Wang YQ, Zhang WK, Chu CC, Sun XH, Fang S, Chu JF, Lu TG, Chen SY, and Zhang JS (2015) Differential regulation of ethylene responses in roots and coleoptiles by a carotenoid isomerase MHZ5-mediated abscisic acid pathway in rice. Plant Cell. 27(4): 1061-1081.
Wang W, Zhang L, Li H, Zhang Z, Hu B, Chu C (2015) Recent progress in molecular dissection of nutrient uptake and transport in rice. Sci. Sin. Vitae. 45(6): 569-590.
Liang C and Chu C (2015) Towards understanding abscisic acid-mediated leaf senescence. Sci. China Life Sci. 58(5): 506-508.
Li X, Liu H, Wang M, Liu H, Tian X, Zhou W, Lv T, Wang Z, Chu C, Fang J and Bu Q (2015) Combinations of four heading date genes determine rice adaptability to Heilongjiang province, northern limit of China. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 57(8): 698-707.
Hu B, Wang W, Deng K, Li H, Zhang Z, Zhang L, and Chu C (2015) microRNA399 is involved in multiple nutrient responses in rice. Frontier Plant Sci. 6:188.
Hamdani S, Qu M, Xin C, Chu C, Govindjee G, and Zhu X (2015) Variations of photosynthetic parameters in Chinese elite rice revealed by simultaneous measurements of Chlorophyll a fluorescence induction and 820nm transmission signal. J. Plant Physiol. 177: 128-138.
Xu F, Fang J, Ou S, Gao S, Zhang F, Du L, Xiao Y, Wang H, Sun X, Chu J, Wang G, and Chu C (2015) Variations in CYP78A13 coding region influence grain size and yield in rice. Plant Cell Environ. 38(4): 800-811.
Tong H, Xiao Y, Liu D, Gao S, Liu L, Yin Y, Jin Y, Qian Q, Chu C (2014) Brassinosteroid regulates cell elongation by modulating gibberellin metabolism in rice. Plant Cell 26(11): 4376-4393.

Liang C, Wang Y, Zhu Y, Tang J, Hu B, Liu L, Ou S, Wu H, Sun X, Chu J, and Chu C (2014) OsNAP connects absisic acid and leaf senescence by fine tuning absisic acid biosynthesis and directly targeting senescence-associated genes in rice. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111(27): 10013-10018.

Liu Y, Fang J, Xu F, Chu J, Yan C, Schläppi M, Wang Y, Chu C (2014) Expression patterns of ABA and GA metabolism genes and hormone levels during rice seed development and imbibition: A comparison of dormant and non-dormant rice cultivars. J. Genet Genomics, 2014, 41(6): 327-338.

Sun C, Chen D, Fang J, Wang P, Deng X, Chu C (2014) Understanding the Genetic and Epigenetic Architecture in Complex Network of Rice Flowering Pathways. Protein Cell. 5(12): 889-898.

Gao S, Fang J, Xu F, Wang W, Sun X, Chu J, Cai B, Feng Y, Chu C (2014) CYTOKININ OXIDASE/DEHYDROGENASE4 Integrates Cytokinin and Auxin Signaling to Control Rice Crown Root Formation. Plant Physiol. 165: 1035-1046

Zhang L, Hu B, Li W, Che R, Deng K, Li H, Yu F, Ling H, Li Y, Chu C (2014) OsPT2, a phosphate transporter, is involved in active uptake of selenite in rice. New Phytol. 201(4): 1183-1191.

Liu C, Mao B, Ou S, Wang W, Liu L, Wu Y, Chu C*, Wang X* (2014) OsbZIP71, a bZIP transcription factor, confers salinity and drought tolerance in rice. Plant Mol. Biol., 84(1-2): 19-36(*Corresponding author)

Su L, Li A, Li H, Chu C, Qiu JL (2013) Direct modulation of protein level in Arabidopsis, Mol. Plant 6(5): 1711-1714

Chu C
(2013) Biotech crops: Opportunity or challenge? Chin. Bull. Bot. 48(1): 10-22.

Fan Y, Du K, Gao Y,Kong Y, Chu C, Sokolov V, and Wang Y (2013) Transformation of LTP gene into Brassica napus to enhance its resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Russ. J. Genet. 49(4): 380-387.

Wang Y, Lin A, Loake GJ, Chu C (2013) H2O2-induced leaf cell death and the crosstalk of reactive nitric/oxygen species, J. Integr. Plant Biol. 55(3): 202-208.

Wang Y, Loake GJ, Chu C (2013) Cross-talk of nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species in plant programed cell death. Front. Plant Sci. 4: 314. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00314.

Guo X, Hou X, Fang J, Wei P, Xu B, Chen M, Feng Y, Chu C (2013) The rice GERMINATION DEFECTIVE1, encoding a B3 domain transcriptional repressor, regulates seed germination and seedling development by integrating GA and carbohydrate metabolism. Plant J. 75(3): 403-416.

Wang L, Song X, Gu L, Li X, Cao S, Chu C, Cui X, Chen X, Cao X (2013) NOT2 proteins promote Pol II-dependent transcription and interact with multiple miRNA biogenesis factors in Arabidopsis, Plant Cell. 25(2): 715-727.

Sun C, Fang J, Zhao T, Xu B, Zhang F, Liu L, Tang J, Zhang G, Deng X, Chen F, Qian Q, Cao X, Chu C (2012) The histone methyltransferase SDG724 mediates H3K36me2/3 deposition at MADS50 and RFT1, and promotes flowering in rice. Plant Cell. 24(8): 3235-3247.
Tong H, Liu L, Jin Y, Du L, Yin Y, Qian Q, Zhu L, Chu C (2012) DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING acts as a direct downstream target of a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase to mediate brassinosteroid responses in rice. Plant Cell. 24(6): 2562–2577.
Wu HJ, Zhang Z, Wang JY, Oh DH, Dassanayake M, Liu B, Huang Q, Sun HX, Xia R, Wu Y, Wang Y, Yang Z, Liu Y, Zhang W, Zhang H, Chu J, Yan C, Fang S, Zhang J, Wang Y, Zhang F, Wang G, Lee SY, Cheeseman JM, Yang B, Li B, Min J, Yang L, Wang J*, Chu C*, Chen SY*, Bohnert HJ*, Zhu J-K*, Wang XJ* and Xie Q* (2012) Insights into salt tolerance from the genome of Thellungila salsuginea. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 109(30): 12219-12224 (*Corresponding author).
Song X, Wang D, Ma L, Chen Z, Li P, Cui X, Liu C, Cao S, Chu C, Tao Y, Cao X (2012) Rice RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 acts in small RNA biogenesis and spikelet development. Plant J. 71(3):378-389.
Lin A^, Wang Y^, Tang J^, Xue P, Li C, Liu L, Hu B, Yang F, Loake GJ, Chu C (2012) Nitric oxide and protein s-nitrosylation are integral to hydrogen peroxide induced leaf cell death in rice, Plant Physiol. 158: 451-464
Song X, Li P, Zhai J, Zhou M, Ma L, Liu B, Jeong DH, Nakano M, Cao S, Liu C, Chu C, Wang XJ, Green PJ, Meyers BC, Cao X. (2012) Roles of DCL4 and DCL3b in rice phased small RNA biogenesis. Plant J.69(3):462-474
Tong H and Chu C (2012) Brassinosteroid signaling and application in rice, J. Genet. Genomics, 39(1):3-9.
Wu H, Chen C, Du J, Liu H, Yan C, Zhang Y, He Y, Wang Y, Chu C, Feng Z, Li J, Ling, HQ (2012) Co-overexpression FIT with AtbHLH38 or AtbHLH39 in Arabidopsis enhanced cadmium tolerance via increased cadmium sequestration in roots and improved iron homeostasis of shoots. Plant Physiol.158(2): 790-800.
Liu X^, Li F^, Tang J, Wang W, Zhang F, Wang G, Chu J, Yan C, Wang T, Chu C*, Li C* (2012) Activation of the jasmonic acid pathway by depletion of the hydroperoxide lyase OsHPL3 reveals crosstalk between the HPL and AOS branches of the oxylipin pathway in rice, PLoS ONE, 7(11): e50089 (*Corresponding author).
Shen H, Liu C, Zhang Y, Meng X, Zhou X, Chu C, Wang X. (2012) OsWRKY30 is activated by MAP kinases to confer drought tolerance in rice. Plant Mol. Biol. 80(3): 241-253.
Ou SJ, Wang HR, Chu CC. (2012) Major domestication traits in Asian rice. Hereditas (Beijing), 34(12): 1379-1389 (Cover story).
Zhang FT, Fang J, Sun CH, Li RB, Luo XD, Xie JK, Deng X-J, Chu CC (2012) Characterization of a rice dwarf and twist leaf 1 (dtl1) mutant and fine mapping of DTL1 gene, Hereditas (Beijing), 34 (1): 79-86. (Cover story).
Wang H, Fang J, Liang C, He M, Li Q, Chu C (2011) Computation-assisted SiteFinding-PCR for isolating flanking sequence tags in rice, BioTechniques 51: 421-423.
Yang Z and Chu C (2011) Towards Understanding Plant Response to Heavy Metal Stress, Abiotic Stress in Plants - Mechanisms and Adaptations, Arun Shanker (Ed.), p59-78. InTech, Available from:

Jin Y, Luo Q, Tong H, Wang A, Cheng Z, Tang J, Li D, Zhao X, Li X, Wan J, Chu C, Zhu L (2011) An AT-hook gene is required for palea formation and floral organ number control in rice, Dev Biol. 359:277-288.

Li C, Wang Y, Liu L, Hu Y, Zhang F, Sodmergen, Wang G, Schl?ppi MR, Chu C (2011) A rice plastidial nucleotide sugar epimerase is involved in galactolipid biosynthesis and improves photosynthetic efficiency, PLoS Genet. 7(7):e1002196.  

Feng J, Cao L, Li J, Duan C, Luo X, Le N, Wei H, Liang S, Chu C, Pan Q, Tang JL (2011) Involvement of OsNPR1/NH1 in rice basal resistance to rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, Eur J Plant Pathol 131(2): 221-235. 

Kong F, Mao S J, Du K, Wu M, Zhou X, Chu C, Wang Y (2011) Comparative proteomics analysis of OsNAS1 transgenic Brassica napus under salt stress. Chinese Sci Bull, 56: 2343-2350.  

Meng X, Qin J, Wang L, Duan G, Sun G, Wu H, Chu C, Ling HQ, Rosen B, Zhu YG (2011) Arsenic biotransformation and volatilization in transgenic rice, New Phytol, 2011 Apr 21.191:49-56.  

Gao T, Wu Y, Zhang Y, Liu L, Ning Y, Wang D, Tong H, Chen S, Chu C, Xie Q. (2011) OsSDIR1 overexpression greatly improves drought tolerance in transgenic rice. Plant Mol Biol. 2011 Apr 16.66: 996-1007.

Tang J, Zhu X, Wang Y, Liu L, Xu B, Li F, Fang J, Chu C (2011) Semidominant mutations in the CC-NB-LRR-type R gene, NLS1, lead to constitutive activation of defense responses in rice. Plant J. 76: 145-156.

Hu B and Chu C (2011) Phosphate starvation signaling in rice, Plant Signal Behav.6(7): 927-929.

Hu B, Zhu C, Li F, Tang J, Wang Y, Lin A, Liu L, Che R, Chu C (2011) LEAF TIP NECROSIS1 plays a pivotal role in regulation of multiple phosphate starvation responses in rice. Plant Physiol. 156: 1101-1115.

Wu X, Zuo S, Chen Z, Zhang Y, Zhu J, Ma N, Tang J, Chu C, Pan X (2011) Fine mapping of qSTV11TQ, a major gene conferring resistance to rice stripe disease. Theor. Appl. Genet. 2010 Dec 8. 122(5): 915-923.

Jian S, Wan Y, Luo X, Fang J, Chu C, Xie J (2011) Genetic analysis of cold tolerance at the seedling stage in Dongxiang Wild rice (Oryza rufipogon). Chin. Bull. Bot. 46: 21-27.

Sun C^, Liu L^, Tang J, Lin A, Zhang F, Fang J, Zhang G, Chu C (2011) RLIN1, encoding a putative coproporphyrinogen III oxidase, is involved in lesion initiation in rice, J. Genet. Genomics.38(1):29-37.

Chai C^, Fang J^, Liu Y, Tong H, Gong Y, Wang Y, Liu M, Wang Y, Qian Q, Cheng Z, Chu C (2011) ZEBRA2, encoding a carotenoid isomerase, is involved in photoprotection in rice. Plant Mol. Biol. 75(3): 211-221

Qin X, Liu Y, Mao S, Li T, Wu H, Chu C, Wang Y (2011) Genetic transformation of lipid transfer protein encoding gene in Phalaenopsis amabilis to enhance cold resistance, Euphytica, 177: 33-43

Zhang S, Li G, Fang J, Chen W, Jiang H, Zou J, Liu X, Zhao X, Li X,Chu C, Xie Q, Jiang X, Zhu L. (2010) The interactions among DWARF10, auxin and cytokinin underlie lateral bud outgrowth in rice, J. Integra. Plant Biol., 52(7): 626-638.

Li F^, Liu W^, Tang J, Chen J, Tong H, Hu B, Li C, Fang J, Chen M, and Chu C (2010) Rice DENSE AND ERECT PANICLE 2 is essential for determining panicle outgrowth and elongation, Cell Res. 20: 838-849..

Chen H, Zhang Z, Teng K, Lai J, Zhang Y, Huang Y, Li Y, Liang L, Wang Y, Chu C, Guo H, Xie Q (2010) Up-regulation of LSB1/GDU3 impacts geminivirus infection by activating the salicylic acid pathway, Plant J. 62(1): 12-23

Wang Y., Chen C., Loake G., Chu C. (2010) Nitric Oxide: Promoter or Suppressor of Programmed Cell Death? Protein & Cell.1(2): 133-142.

Spadaro D, Yun BW, Spoel SH, Chu C, Wang Y, Loake G. (2010) The redox switch: dynamic regulation of protein function by cysteine modifications. Physiol. Plant,  138(4): 360-371

Feng H, Chen C, Wang Y, Qiu J, Chu C, DU X (2009) Plant SNAREs and their biological functions, Hereditas.31(5):471-478

Ma Y, Liu L, Zhu C, Sun C, Xu B, Fang F, Tang J, Luo A, Cao S, Li G, Qian Q, Xue Y, Chu C (2009) Molecular analysis of rice plants harboring a multi-functional T-DNA tagging system, J. Genet. Genomics 36(5):267-276.

Tong H and Chu C. (2009) Roles of DLT in fine modulation on brassinosteroid response in rice, Plant Signaling & Behavior 4(5): 438 - 439.

Guo X, Wu Y, Wang Y, Chu C (2009) OsMSRA4.1 and OsMSRB1.1, two rice plastidial methionine sulfoxide reductases, are involved in abiotic stress responses. Planta 230:227-238.

Tong H, Jin Y, Liu W, Li F, Fang J, Yin Y, Qian Q, Zhu L, Chu C (2009) DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING, a new member of GRAS family, plays positive roles in brassinosteroid signaling in rice. Plant J. 58: 803-816.

Huang X, Qian Q, Liu Z, Sun H, He S, Luo D, Xia G, Chu C, Li J, Fu X (2009) Natural variation at the DEP1 locus enhances grain yield in rice, Nature Genet. 41(4): 494-497.

Yang Z, Wu Y, Li Y, Ling HQ, Chu C (2009) OsMT1a, a type 1 metallothionein, plays the pivotal role in zinc homeostasis and drought tolerance in rice, Plant Mol. Biol. 70(1-2): 219-229.

Wang Y, Feechan A, Yun BW, Shafiei R, Hofmann A, Taylor P, Xue P, Yang F, Xie Z, Pallas JA, Chu C, Loake G (2009) S-nitrosylation of AtSABP3 antagonizes the expression of plant immunity, J. Biol. Chem. 284: 2131-2137.

Fang J. and Chu C. (2008) Abscisic acid and the pre-harvest sprouting in cereals, Plant Signaling & Behavior, 3 (12):1046-1048

Zhang Y, Li Y, Gao T, Zhu H, Wang D, Zhang H, Ning Y, Liu L, Wu Y, Chu C, Guo H, Xie Q. (2008) Arabidopsis SDIR1 enhances drought tolerance in crop plants. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 72(8): 2251-2254.

Chen HL, Wang YQ, Chu CC, Li P (2008) Plant non-host resistance: current progress and future prospect. Hereditas. 30(8): 977-982.

Qi J., Qian Q., Bu Q., Li S., Chen Q., Sun J., Liang W., Zhou Y., Chu C., Li X., Ren F., Palme K., Zhao B., Chen J., Chen M., Li C. (2008) Mutation of the rice NARROW LEAF1 gene, which encodes a novel protein, affects vein patterning and polar auxin transport. Plant Physiol. 147:1947-1959.

Wang Q., Guan Y., Wu Y., Chen H., Chen F., Chu C., (2008) Overexpression of a rice OsDREB1F gene increases salt, drought, and low temperature tolerance in both Arabidopsis and rice. Plant Mol. Biol. 67: 589-602.

Bai X., Wang Q., Chu C., (2008) Excision of a selective marker in transgenic rice using a novel Cre/loxP system controlled by a floral specific promoter. Transgenic Res. 17:1035-1043.

Fang J., Chai C., Qian Q., Li C., Tang J., Sun L., Huang Z., Guo X., Sun C., Liu M., Zhang Y., Lu Q., Wang Y., Lu, C, Han B., Chen F., Cheng Z., Chu C. (2008) Mutations of genes in synthesis of the carotenoid precursors of ABA lead to preharvest sprouting and photo-oxidation in rice. Plant J. 54: 177-189.

Hong, J.K., Yun, B.W., Kang, J.G., Raja, M.U., Kwon, E., Sorhagen, K., Chu, C., Wang, Y., and Loake, G.J.
(2008) Nitric oxide function and signalling in plant disease resistance. J. Exp. Bot. 59(2):147-154.

Geng, H., Shi, L., Li, W., Zhang, B., Chu, C., Li, H., Zhang, G. (2008) Gene expression of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) leaves exposed to drying. Environ. Exp. Bot. 63: 137–146.
 Liu, B., Chen, Z.Y., Song, X.W., Liu, C.Y., Cui, X., Zhao, X.F., Fang, J., Xu, W.Y., Zhang, H.Z., Wang, X.J., Chu, C.C., Deng, X.W., Xue, Y.B., Cao, X.F. (2007) Oryza sativa Dicer-like4 reveals a key role for small interfering RNA silencing in plant development, Plant Cell 19(9): 2705-2718.

Du C., Zheng W., Zhao Y., Wei. J., Chu C. (2007) Effects of Bacillus pumilus on biomass and β-carotene accumulation in Dunaliella salina SZ-05. Bull. Bot. Res. 27(4): 469-472, 477.

Yan, P., Bai, X., Wan, X., Guo, Z., Li, L., Gong, H., Chu, C. (2007) Expression of double-strand TMV coat protein RNAs in transgenic tobacco confers immunity to tobacco mosaic virus. Hereditas. 29(8): 1018-1022.

Dong, H., Deng, Y., Mu, J., Lu, Q., Wang, Y., Xu, Y., Chu, C., Chong, K., Lu, C., Zuo, J. (2007) The Arabidopsis Spontaneous Cell Death1 gene, encoding a ζ-carotene desaturase essential for carotenoid biosynthesis, is involved in photoprotection, chloroplast development and retrograde signaling. Cell Res. 17(5):458-70.

Sun C, Fang J., Deng X, Chu C (2007) An overview of flowering transition in higher plants. Hereditas. 29(10): 1182-1190.
Ding, Y., Wang, X., Su, L., Zhai, J., Cao, S., Zhang, D., Liu, C., Bi, Y., Qian, Q., Cheng, Z., Chu C.*, Cao, X.* (2007) SDG714, a histone H3K9 methyltransferase, is involved in Tos17 DNA methylation and transposition in rice. Plant Cell. 19(1): 9-22. (*Corresponding author)

Liu, X., Bai, X., Wang, X., Chu C. (2006) OsWRKY71, a rice transcription factor, is involved in rice defense response. J. Plant Physiol. 164(8): 969-979.

Zhang, X., Wang, P, Zhao, S, Li, X., Shen X., Sun, Y., Chu, C., Wang, Y. (2006) Expression of rabbit neutrophile peptide-1 in nitrate reductase-deficient mutant of Chlorella ellipsoidea. Hereditas. 28: 1580-1584.

Wang Y., Sonntag K., Rudloff E., Groeneveld I., Gramenz I., Chu C. (2006) Production and characterization of somatic hybrids between Brassica napus and Raphanus sativus. Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Cult. 86: 279-283.

Zhang, K., Qian, Q., Huang, Z., Wang, Y., Li, M., Hong, L., Zheng, D., Gu, M., Chu, C., Cheng, Z. (2006) GOLD HULL AND INTERNODE2 (GH2) encodes a primarily multifunctional cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) in Oryza sativa. Plant Physiol. 140(3): 972-983.

Lin, C.J., Dong, Y.S., Lin, X.F., Wang, J.C., Tian, W.Z., Chu, C.C.(2006)Primary studies on inheritance and expression of resistance to rice blast in transgenic rice . Mol Plant Breeding. 4(2):167-173.

Xiong, G.S., Hu, X.M., Jiao, Y.Q., Yu, Y.C., Chu, C.C., Li, J.Y., Qian, Q., Wang, Y.H.(2006)LEAFY HEAD2, which encodes a putative RNA-binding protein, regulates shoot development of rice. Cell Res. 16 (3): 267-276.

Luo, A., Qian, Q., Ying, H, Liu, X., Yin, C., Lan, Y., Tang, J., Tang, Z., Cao, S., Wang, X., Xia, K., Fu, X., Luo, D., Chu, C. (2006) EUI1, encoding a putative cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, regulates the internodes elongation by modulating GA responses in rice. Plant Cell Physiol. 47(2):181-191.

Zhou, H.L., He, S.J., Cao, Y.R., Chen, T., Du, B.X., Chu, C.C., Zhang, J.S., Chen, S.Y. (2006) OsGLU1, A putative membrane-bound endo-1,4-b-D-glucanase from rice, affects plant internode elongation. Plant Mol. Biol. 60(1):137-151.

Guo LB, Chu C.C., Qian, Q. (2006) Rice mutants and functional genomics. Chinese Bull. Bot. 23(1): 1-13.
Liu, B., Li, P.C., Li, X., Liu, C.Y., Cao, S.Y., Chu, C.C., Cao X.F. (2005) Loss of function of OsDCL1 affects microRNA accumulation and causes developmental defects in rice. Plant Physiol. 139(1): 296-305.

Liu, X.Q., Bai, X.Q., Qian, Q., Wang, X.J., Chen, M.S., and Chu C.C. (2005) OsWRKY03, a rice transcription activator that functions in defense signaling pathway upstream of OsNPR1. Cell Res. 15 (8): 593-603.

Luo, A., Liu L., Tang, Z., Bai, X., Cao, S., Chu, C. (2005) Down-regulation of OsGRF1 gene in rice rhd1 mutant results in reduced heading date. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 47(6): 745-752.

Gao, G.Q., Chu, C.C., Liu, X.Q, Li, Y.R. (2005) Current progress on WRKY superfamily of plant transcription factors. Chinese Bull. Bot. 22(1): 11-18.

Wu, Y., Wang, Q., Ma, Y., Chu, C. (2005) Isolation and expression analysis of salt up-regulated ESTs in upland rice using PCR-based subtractive suppression hybridization method. Plant Sci. 168(3): 847-853.

Chu, C. (2005) Agriculture and Environment Biotechnology, in Technology Foresight 2005, Science Press, Beijing, pp73-76.

Zhang Z., Yang Z.Y., Chu, C.C. (2004) Progress in transgenic research of gramineous forage and turfgrass plants. Acta Prataculturae Sin. 13(6): 92-98.
 Si, L.Z., Cao, S.Y., Chu, C.C. (2003) Isolation of a 1195 bp 5’-flanking region of rice cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase and analysis of its expression in transgenic rice. Acta Bot. Sin. 45: 359-364.

Junker, B.H., Chu, C., Sonnewald, U., Willmitzer, L., Fernie, A.R. (2003) In plants the alc gene expression system responds more rapidly following induction with acetaldehyde than with ethanol. FEBS Lett. 535 (1-3):136-40.

Yin, X.F., Li, Y.Z., Miao, Z.W., Feng J., Chen S.J., Chu C.C. (2003) Transgenic Plants. Science Press, Beijing.

Yi, Z., Wang, L., Cao, S., Yuan, L., Guan C., Zhua, P., Tian, W., Chu, C. (2003) Studies of improving the frequency of indica rice transformation by biolistic bombardment. High Tech Lett. 9(1): 6-10.
Sweetman, J.P., Chu, C., Qu, N., Greenland, A.J., Sonnewald, U., Jepson, I. (2002) Ethanol vapor is an efficient inducer of the alc gene expression system in model and crop plant species. Plant Physiol. 129: 943-948.

Si, L.Z., Wang, L., Cao, S.Y., Chu, C.C. (2002) Deletion of a 93 bp 5’ flanking region of rice cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase completely altered its expression pattern. Acta Bot. Sin. 44: 1339-1345.

Zhang Z.X., Chu, C.C., Fu, Y.K. (2002) Transformation of leguminous forage Lotus corniculatus by Agrobacterium-mediated GA20-oxidase gene . Acta Prataculturae Sin. 11(3): 97-100.
Chen, S., Qu, N., Cao, S.Y., Bauwe, H., Chen, S.Y., Tian, W.Z., Chu, C.C. (2001) Expression pattern of gdcsP promoter from C3-C4 intermediate plant Flaveria anomala in transgenic rice. Chinese Sci. Bull. 46 (19): 1635-1638.

Yi, Z.L. Zhou, P.H., Chu, C.C., Li, X., Tian, W.Z., Wang, L., Cao, S.Y., Tang, Z.S. (2001) Establishment of Genetic transformation system for Miscanthus saccariflorus and obtained of its transgenic plants. High Tech. Lett. 11: 20-24.

Ye, S.Q., Chu, C.C., Cao, S.Y., Tang, Z.S., Tian, W.Z. (2001) Factors of improving rice transformation efficiency. Acta Genet. Sin. 28 (10):933-938.
Yi, Z., Wang, L., Cao, S., Li, X, Zhou, P. Tian W., Chu, C.C. (2000) Improvement of rice transformation efficiency via particle bombardment. High Tech. Lett. 11: 12-15.

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